Goalie Soccer Injuries

Soccer is played by athletes around the world. Traditionally, a soccer team is composed of 11 players, including a defensive goalie. Unfortunately, soccer goalies are often exposed to a number of injuries during practice and games. Understanding why these injuries happen can be effective when it comes to their prevention.
According to the International Federation of Association Football, ankle sprains are the most common injury faced by soccer goalies. To prevent the opposing team from scoring, goalies must often jump in the air to block the ball — and while landing, may twist an ankle on fellow teammates or opponents. Wearing the right type of ankle supports can be effective when it comes to avoiding this type of painful soccer goalie injury.
Bone fractures are an especially serious example of the injuries faced by soccer goalies. Bone fractures among soccer goalies often occur when the athlete jumps to block a goal and lands improperly on a foot or ankle. In addition, attempting to stop a soccer ball with your hands can result in a painful fracture, especially when the delicate bones of the fingers receive the greatest amount of impact. Receiving a direct kick to the arms, legs, torso or head — whether intentional or not — can be to blame for the development of a fractured or even broken bone.
While head injuries can occur in any sport, they are especially common among soccer goalies, who often use their head to stop or redirect the ball — without protection from a helmet. In addition to repeated strikes from a soccer ball, goalies may be more likely to hit their head on the ground, goalposts or other players. Repeated blows to the head, such as those that occur during these kinds of traumas, can cause certain types of brain damage known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
Bruises, scrapes, scratches and a host of other various contusions are common among soccer goalies. As goalies collide with the ground, the goalposts and other athletes, some bruises and scrapes occur. In addition to contusions that are associated with a fall, goalies may also develop bruises as a result of kicks and hits from opponents. Goalies with especially delicate skin may even bruise after blocking a soccer ball with their arms or hands.
Wearing the right kind of protective gear — such as a shin guards — is crucial for soccer goalies who want to avoid serious contusions, fractures or breaks to their lower extremities. Athletes who hope to avoid head injuries may want to consider the use of a protective helmet. Sturdy soccer cleats that fit properly and provide ankle support may be effective in the prevention of ankle sprains and potential bone fractures.

Visualization Techniques for Athletes

Golfing legend Jack Nicklaus often used mental imagery to visualize his swing and even the trajectory of the ball before getting ready to play. Mental imagery is a helpful tool that can help athletes focus on their strengths, build confidence and improve performance. Although it¡¯s not a substitute for practice and hard work, it can help you achieve your goals and improve your game.
Visualization, or mental imagery, is a technique in which you imagine yourself in a specific environment performing a specific activity. It can help you familiarize yourself with a mental run-through of a race course or complicated play before an event. You might use visualization to view yourself performing at a higher level. It¡¯s also an effective motivation tool, reminding you of your objectives and helping to inspire confidence.
Mental imagery is most successful when it becomes a habit that you practice every day, but you should also use it before, during and after training. Spend time during each imagery session mentally practicing and focusing on proper techniques and skills. Before an event starts during a competition, mentally run through your plan, focusing on any significant plays, skills, movements and reactions or any feelings you want to use during your performance. A study in France, published in August 2005 in ¡°Perceptual and Motor Skills,¡± showed that mental imagery combined with physical practice greatly improves performance even with beginning athletes.
Bad habits make you focus on the past instead of looking ahead to the future. To force yourself out of this negative cycle, use pattern-breaking techniques. A pattern breaker can be a word or phrase you shout in your mind or a physical action such as snapping an elastic wrist band whenever you feel a bad habit or negative feeling creeping in again. If you have a role model athlete you want to emulate, you can also use his name as your pattern breaker, imagining how your role model would approach a situation.
Learn to summon confidence by taking deep breaths, then picturing any fears you have about your performance. Imagine filling your body with confidence through your breathing and thoughts as you trap fear inside a mental bubble that fades or shrinks. If any fear remains, imagine a chat between your confidence and fears, asking the fears what they want confidence to do whenever you experience doubts.
Close your eyes and describe frame by frame, like in a movie, each part of an activity you want to accomplish, such as a skating move or throwing a basketball through a hoop. Draw attention to every small detail in that activity. Imagine what the ice sounds like as you twirl, what the leather on a basketball feels like, what smells you sense inside the arena. Imagine every part of the activity in this way, slowing down the movie and observing each movement in sequence, using all your senses. As the movie ends, the last frame will be a successful end to your activity, whether it¡¯s a skating jump or a ball going into the goal.
Sports psychologist Dr. Jeff Simons of California State University, East Bay, developed a ¡°Quick Set¡± routine to help you create an effective mental image in the last 30 seconds before a competition or as a way to refocus after a distraction. It involves physical, emotional and focus cues. For the physical cue, close your eyes, clear your mind and breathe deeply and rhythmically, in through your nose and out through your mouth. Then comes the emotional cue, in which you imagine a previous win and recreate those feelings of success. Focus on the exact start moment of the competition, such as blasting off on the ¡°B¡± of the bang during a sprint.

Salt on My Clothing After Exercise

Sweat doesn’t isn’t just moisture meant to cool your skin; it also contains salt. As you sweat, the salt can accumulate on your skin and clothing, making unattractive stains that can make you feel uncomfortable walking around after you exercise. Salt on your clothing is normal in most cases, but take the proper precautions to replenish your body’s salt levels during and after hard workouts.
When you’ve been running on the treadmill for the same time as the person next to you but he is barely breaking a sweat, it doesn’t mean he’s in better shape. Not everyone sweats to the same degree, nor do people release the same amount of salt as they sweat. The amount you sweat and the sweat composition is a result of many factors, including your genetics, the temperature and your metabolism. Some people never have to worry about salt on their clothing after exercising, while others battle the issue with every workout.
If you have salt on your clothes after a workout, chances are you’re losing a fair amount of salt in your sweat. During a short workout, this isn’t such a problem — consume a sports drink that includes sodium, and you should be fine. Over an extended exercise period, such as running a marathon, problems can arise from salt loss. When you replenish your body with too much water and not enough salt — which can happen even when drinking sports drinks during the run — you could develop hyponatremia. This salt imbalance can cause cramping, nausea, confusion and seizures. This condition can be dangerous, even deadly, if not treated quickly. Seek immediate medical attention if you show any symptoms of hyponatremia.
Although some people are on doctor-ordered salt-restricted diets, most people get plenty of salt through everyday foods to meet their needs during a typical workout. Processed foods include salt, but even foods such as eggs and cheese contribute to your sodium intake. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends no more than 2,300 grams of sodium per day, and you typically lose about 500 milligrams of sodium in 1 pound of sweat. In a normal workout, you could lose a pound of sweat in about an hour. When exercising intensely in hot weather, that can climb to 2 pounds of sweat per hour and up to 1,100 milligrams of sweat per pound.
Salty sweat stains can easily ruin your workout clothes if not treated promptly. Soaking them in cold water until you’re ready to wash them can keep the stains from setting in. Pre-treating the stains with a commercial stain remover also can help, or use household solutions such as baking soda, vinegar or lemon juice. Wash them with your normal detergent in warm water.

Interesting Facts on Flag Football

In flag football, players wear four or more flags attached to a belt. Ball carriers are not tackled; they are “down” when one of these flags is pulled off. Flag football fields measure 70 yards by 30 yards for youth and 80 yards by 40 yards for older players. Starting from a team’s five-yard line, players have three downs to cross midfield or score. Three extra downs are awarded once midfield is crossed. The ball changes hands when teams fail to cross midfield or score.
When English student William Ebb Ellis picked up a soccer ball in 1823 and ran with it, he broke all the rules of an Ancient Greek game, “harpaston.” He also planted the seeds for modern British football. Later in the same century, British football splintered into rugby and soccer. In the U.S., a rougher game was played on college campuses after the Civil War. This rugby-like game became the forerunner of American football. The first organized flag football is thought to have been played in the 1930s. The sport became popular on military bases in the 1940s, and recreational leagues followed shortly thereafter.
NFL Flag Football is a youth football league for boys and girls that are 5 to 17 years of age. The NFL launched a flag football program in 1996 to educate kids about football while emphasizing sportsmanship and teamwork. Teams must field a minimum of four players during regular play and five players during tournaments. Touchdowns are worth six points and extra point conversions score one or two points. Teams may be co-ed, all boys or all girls. The point values for scores do not vary by gender.
The National Intramural-Recreational Sports Association is the governing body for recreational sports at U.S. colleges. NIRSA rules for flag football indicate that teams can be co-ed or single-gendered. They require anywhere from four to eight players. Flag football rules from Indiana University South Bend state that teams must have at least five players and are allowed seven, one of whom must be female. If a team can’t field a woman, only six players are allowed to take the field. The number of points earned depends on gender. A touchdown by a female scores nine points, while males’ touchdowns earn six points. Female conversions are worth twice as many points as males’ conversions.
The U.S. Flag Touch Football League was formed in 1988 and hosts the largest non-college tournament in the nation. It drew 175 teams and crowned 11 national champions its first year. A semi-pro league was formed in the early 1990s and joined up with other organizations to form the Professional Flag Football League, Inc. in 1997. The PFFL played the first pro travel schedule in 1999, with teams in Buffalo, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Toledo and Indianapolis. The league folded shortly after its inception. In 2011, FlagFootball.org reports that more than 20 million players participate in flag football leagues.
Flag football is played worldwide, and the International Flag Football Federation is the national governing body for flag football. The 2009 IFFF World Cup included 15 countries. The NFL FLAG National Tournament of Champions for youths is also held annually. The 2011 championship drew more than 300 athletes playing for 24 U.S. and 8 Mexican teams.

How to Flush Toxins From Your Body Through Your Feet

According to Harvard Medical School, “The human body can defend itself very well against most environmental insults and the effects of occasional indulgence.” Still, there are uncounted numbers of websites, books and magazines devoted to the idea that we can, and should, detox the body. While there is no scientific evidence to support the claims made by the people who sell foot detox pads and ionic foot detox baths, there have also been no reports that they are harmful. No foot detox method will flush toxins from your feet, but soaking them is a simple, harmless way to relieve stress.
Wash your feet with mild soap and warm water before doing any kind of foot detox. Use a loofah, net scrubber or fine pumice stone to remove any dead skin cells and soften calluses before soaking your feet.
Fill a clean basin with warm water. Roll a tablespoon of fresh rosemary between your palms to bring out the scent, and then sprinkle it into the water. Add lavender and mint for an extra boost of fragrance. Soak your feet in the herb-infused water for 30 minutes. Repeat once or twice per week.
Apply foot detox pads to the bottom of your feet at bedtime. Check the manufacturer’s instructions for where to place them, as some go on the soles of your feet from toes to heel, and others are supposed to work better if applied across the arches. Remove them in the morning, and then put on fresh ones every night for the next 30 nights. According to the Mayo Clinic, Harvard Medical School and other experts, the change in color you may see in the morning is simply your sweat reacting to the wood vinegar most detox foot pads are infused with, not evidence of toxins that have been flushed out of the body.
Turn on your ionic foot bath machine and sprinkle in the salts included with the kit. Soak your feet for 30 minutes and then compare the color of the water with the chart that the manufacturer provided. This is supposed to show you what toxins have been flushed out through your feet, but impartial observers like the ones at spaindex.com report that the water will change color even if no one puts their feet in it. The experts at devicewatch.org proved that the change in color is a reaction between the metal array and the salts, but if the color change inspires you to adopt a more healthy lifestyle, then you have made a positive change.

Free Camping on State Land in New York

State-owned lands in New York include some of the most wild and scenic landscapes in the state, ranging from the rugged slopes of the Adirondacks to the rocky shores of the Thousand Islands. The New York Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) maintains dozens of state parks, forests, preserves and management areas. Many state lands are open to camping, and in some cases you can pitch a tent completely free of charge.
Dispersed backcountry camping is an ideal way for self-reliant campers to experience the wilderness without the crowds or conveniences of a modern campground. Generally speaking, backcountry camping is allowed free of charge throughout New York state forests. New York includes more than 787,000 acres of state forest land, including hundreds of miles of back roads and hiking trails. Free camping is also available in the Adirondack Forest Preserve and Catskill Forest Preserve. Many New York state parks also offer camping in developed campgrounds, but not for free.
Camping is not permitted in state unique areas, wildlife management areas, historical sites or nature preserves, and free backcountry camping is also not available in state parks or in recreation areas within the Catskill and Adirondack Forest Preserve that include developed campgrounds. The Adirondack and Catskill regions are unique inasmuch as they contain state preserve land intermingled with state parks and privately owned land. Details regarding where you can and cannot camp within these areas can be found on the New York DEC website.
Where permitted, backcountry camping is free of charge and does not require a permit. However, camping in a single location for more than three consecutive nights or in a group of 10 or more requires a permit. You can obtain a permit free of charge from any New York State forest ranger or at a local forestry office. Contact information for rangers in various regions is available through the DEC website. Even in areas where backcountry camping is permitted, you may not camp within 150 feet of roads, trails and water sources. Transporting firewood onto state land is prohibited, and fires should only be built in established fire pits.
Backcountry camping is the only form of free camping available on New York state lands. Backcountry campers are responsible for carrying all necessary supplies with them and leaving no trace of their presence. Lean-to-style trail shelters and pit privies are provided along some hiking trails in state forests and preserves. Where available, these facilities are available free of charge to all hikers, backpackers and backcountry campers. Potable drinking water is seldom available, so be sure to bring the necessary supplies to treat or purify water from springs and streams.

5 Things You Need to Know About a Bruised Heel

To determine if the pain you feel when you walk is a bruised heel, take the painful foot in your hands and press gently on the middle of your heel with the pads of your thumbs. Increase the pressure steadily until you feel the pain. If the pain is sharp and decreases when you release the heel, it is probably a bruised heel.
To determine if the pain you feel when you walk is a bruised heel, take the painful foot in your hands and press gently on the middle of your heel with the pads of your thumbs. Increase the pressure steadily until you feel the pain. If the pain is sharp and decreases when you release the heel, it is probably a bruised heel.

Define Self Confidence in Sports

Self-confidence in sports relies primarily on the athlete’s ability to believe he can win and that he can be successful in his efforts. Consultants at the United States Tennis Association report that self-confidence is one of the most important attributes an athlete can possess and should be fostered by both athletes and their coaches.
Athletes must develop self-confidence within their own minds. It is not something they can receive from others. While coaches can encourage players with positive feedback, if the athlete does not identify with success, it doesn’t matter how much praise she receives. Athletes must take ownership of their confidence and not allow outside circumstances to interfere with their self-image, even on bad days.
While self-confidence originates within the player, athletes must surround themselves with positive role models and supporters to keep up their internal self-talk. Athletes can look for inspiration in a number of arenas and use positive strategies to maintain their upbeat attitudes. Retired athletes, spiritual advisers, coaches and training partners all can provide positive support and reinforcement.
Professional trainers at USA Swimming report that self-confidence in sports does not mean that athletes feel great about themselves all the time. All athletes experience periods of self-doubt and negativity. Elite athletes often feel discouraged and lack the self-confidence they need to compete. While their feelings may be lagging, an athlete who has built self-confidence in his abilities can work through the bouts of doubt and rely on the confidence in his skills rather than on his thoughts at the time.
The significance of training cannot be underplayed when it comes to building self-confidence. The most effective self-confidence is based on reality that is formed by practice and training. Extensive training to overcome weaknesses builds confidence. Trophies, ribbons and other positive outcomes add to the level of confidence an athlete is capable of building. Continued success breeds self-confidence.
Successful athletes know how to manage their emotions and not let outside circumstances influence their internal feelings or their behavior and performance. Self-confidence means getting right back on the horse and rebounding from failure and loss without giving up. Confident athletes do not allow loss to cause them to feel angry or pessimistic, but instead use the losses to fuel their motivation to train harder and win the next one.

The Health Advantages of Soccer

Soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world partially due to the fast-paced excitement it generates on the field. Soccer is not only an enjoyable sport to participate in and watch but it also offers valuable benefits to the athlete. Soccer players benefit physically and mentally and learn the value of teamwork and family support in the process.
Playing and practicing soccer is an excellent way to gain and maintain physical fitness. During a soccer match, the players walk, jog and run almost constantly. Goalies must jump and leap to prevent the soccer ball from entering the goal. All gain necessary aerobic exercise for the players. Soccer also promotes flexibility, coordination and muscular endurance. Regular practice between games provides exercise that is vital to the health of people of all ages. According to a study conducted by the University of Copenhagen, soccer increases lower leg muscle mass, jump height and power and better posture. In addition, due to the stronger bones soccer creates, players have a decreased risk of fractures.
Aerobic exercise helps fight anxiety and depression while playing in sports also improves self-esteem and boosts self image. Individuals who participate in soccer also gain increased concentration and practice methods of thinking quickly to react to situations on the field. As events unfold on the soccer field, a player must figure out the best method of carrying out an act to score points for the team.
Team sports, like soccer, teach the value of working together to reach a common goal. Players on a team must work to overcome problems that arise and learn problem-solving skills. Often, the problems that arise between members of a team are related to play on the field but sometimes they are due to conflict between players. Team sports helps players think in terms of the team as a whole; the actions on the soccer field will ultimately affect the team, not just individuals. This method of thinking often carries over to career and home life.
Whether you and your child are practicing soccer drills for an upcoming game or you are attending your child’s soccer matches, being involved in your child’s athletic activities creates quality time between you and your child. This action will remind your child that you are interested in his life and his interests which will ultimately strengthen the bond between you.

Official High School Federation Basketball Rules and Regulations

High school basketball rules are set by an organization known as the National Federation of State High School Associations. As the name suggests, the NFHS governs the rules for 16 different sports for girls and boys in all 50 states and Washington, D.C. About 18,500 member schools abide by the rules put in place by the NFHS, ensuring consistency for high school competition throughout the United States.
Not only does the NFHS set rules for game play, it also determines the specifications for the basketball court and equipment used. The NFHS has deemed that a regulation-size high school basketball court be 84 feet long and 50 feet wide, with a center line dividing the floor into two equal sections. According to the NFHS, each of the two backboards should be located 4 feet from the endline and the rim must be 10 feet off the ground.
An official high school game consists of four quarters with a halftime break following the first two quarters. For the varsity level, each quarter is 8 minutes; junior varsity games can have quarters of 6 or 7 minutes. As of 2013, there is no NFHS-mandated shot clock rule, although eight states have adopted a 35-second shot clock to increase the pace of the game; such state modifications are allowed by the NFHS. Under NFHS rules, a team has 10 seconds to advance the ball past the division line at center court, an offensive player cannot dribble or hold the ball for five seconds if a defender maintains legal guarding position throughout and offensive players cannot remain in the free throw lane for three seconds.
Much like the game at every other level, baskets are worth one, two or three points. If a player is fouled on a shot attempt or when the opposing team has committed at least seven fouls in the same half, he is permitted to attempt free throws that are worth one point each. Any basket made during the course of game action inside the arc marked 19 feet, 9 inches from the rim is worth two points. A basket by a shooter with both feet behind the arc, known as the three-point line, is worth three points. .
The NFHS has a number of rules regarding dribbling and advancing the ball. Carrying the basketball, double-dribbles and traveling all result in the offensive team losing possession of the ball to the defensive team. A player carries the basketball when she places her hand underneath the ball to gain more control while dribbling. Double-dribble violations are called any time a player touches the ball with two hands while dribbling or when he dribbles, picks the ball up and then dribbles again. A traveling violation occurs when a player with possession of the ball takes a step without first dribbling, takes more than 2 1/2 steps after ending a dribble on a drive to the basket, or jumps and returns to the floor without dribbling, passing or shooting the ball.
Any kind of illegal physical contact between players is considered a personal foul in basketball. A foul can be called for hitting, pushing, slapping or holding an opponent. A personal foul results in free throws if the offensive player is shooting when fouled or after a team commits at least seven fouls in the same half, known as the bonus free throw situation. Flagrant and intentional fouls can be called on players for violent or premeditated illegal contact against an opponent; a flagrant foul results in the ejection of the offending player. Technical fouls can be assessed for unsportsmanlike conduct or rules infractions such as scorebook errors (a wrong jersey number).

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