Foot irritation and pain are common problems. Our feet take a lot of abuse every day as we work, play, shop or exercise. A soothing foot bath at the end of the day is a way to pamper those hardworking feet. Foot bath solutions can help sooth away those aches, pains, and irritation, or help in the treatment of dry skin, callouses, or fungal infections.
A soothing herbal foot bath can soothe and refresh tired, achy feet. A cup of baking soda or a couple of tablespoons of Epsom or sea salts dissolved in hot water makes a good base for a herbal foot bath, to which any combination of herbs can be added. Spa Index recommends using 1/2 cup lavender flowers and 1/2 cup finely chopped fresh sage for tired feet. Brigitte Mars suggests chamomile flowers and catnip for swollen, achy feet and a little peppermint to stimulate tired feet or refresh hot ones. Dried herbs can be placed in a cloth bag, then steeped in a few cups of boiling water to make an herbal solution. Once the solution has cooled to a tolerable temperature for foot soaking, add it to your baking soda, Epsom or sea salt foot bath, grab a good book, and soak away the stress of the day.
Aromatherapy foot baths can sooth and refresh the feet, as well as offer all-over relaxation. These are simple to concoct at home using the same base ingredients as the herbal soak: baking soda, sea salt or Epsom salts dissolved in hot water. Add a few drops of essential oil, and you have a relaxing and moisturizing aromatherapy foot bath. Essential oils that are commonly used to sooth the feet are lavender, almond, sandalwood, peppermint, chamomile and spearmint. These can be used in any combination you like to sooth and refresh your tired feet. According to Simple Aromatherapy recipes, a foot bath with 12 drops of lavender essential oil, three drops of rose geranium essential oil, and a handful of dried rose petals will calm the nerves after a stressful day and relieve fatigue. For aching feet, Aromatherapy For recommends a foot bath using four drops of thyme and four drops of chamomile essential oils.
Antifungal foot baths can help in the treatment and prevention of fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot, as well as helping to prevent foot odor. Antifungal solutions for foot baths are available in the corner drug store, or you can make your own from natural ingredients. Apple cider vinegar or white vinegar are often used as natural antifungals, as are baking soda and Epsom salts. According to a study published in European Food Research and Technology, oregano and thyme proved to be strong antifungal agents when tested against a variety of molds. Some essential oils, such as thyme, origanum, mint, cinnamon, salvia and clove have been found to have antifungal and antibacterial properties as well.
Leaning wall pushups require little physical effort and you can do them just about anywhere. Even better, leaning wall pushups add muscle tone to your upper and lower body. You use your own body weight to perform the static exercise, and you can increase and decrease the degree of difficulty. You can do leaning wall pushups as a complete workout or do them to warm up for more rigorous exercise.
Leaning wall pushups are different from regular pushups. Instead of getting down on the floor in a horizontal position and balancing your body with your hands and feet, wall pushups allow you to stand straight up. Face the wall and place your palms against the wall. Keeping your hands on the wall, walk backwards until your arms are straight. Bend your elbows and bring your face close to the wall before pushing back to the original standing position. You can do 10 repetitions to begin and increase as you gain strength.
Standing an arm’s length from the wall and doing leaning pushups is a good way for beginners. As you continue the exercise, move your feet farther away from the wall. The added distance takes weight from your lower body and shifts it to the upper body. The weight transfer works your arms, shoulder and chest harder, building added strength and better muscle definition. Doing leaning wall pushups from 3 or more feet away also strengthens your biceps, triceps, forearms, wrists and hands.
Keeping your legs straight during leaning wall pushups works the muscles in the upper body. Bend your knees while keeping your feet flat on the ground to work your legs. Bending your knees helps stretch and tone the calves. Place one leg in front of the other while doing leaning wall pushups for more intense stretching. Start by putting your left leg forward, and you can feel the stretch while approaching and pushing back off the wall. Do the same exercise with your right leg. Working the legs with leaning wall pushups is an effective exercise before running or jogging.
According to the Sports Injury Clinic, adding a Swiss ball to leaning wall pushups is a good way to rehabilitate a shoulder injury. Place the Swiss ball on the wall and place your palms on the ball so it does not fall. Bend your elbows and move your body close to the ball without making contact. Push back and repeat the exercise to stretch and strengthen your shoulder and other upper body muscles.
Used to manufacture a variety of clothing, from swimsuits and tops to uniforms and coats, polyester is a versatile, strong and flexible synthetic fabric. However, one down side of white polyester is its tendency to yellow, which occurs for a variety of reasons, from perspiration stains to the minerals in your home’s water. Whatever the case, it’s possible to whiten your yellowed or drab polyester without damaging or weakening the fabric.
Fill a plastic bucket or basin with 1 gallon of lukewarm water. Add 1/2 cup oxygen bleach powder to the water. Stir the water with your hand or a large spoon to help dissolve and incorporate the oxygen bleach powder. Unlike traditional chlorine bleach, which can damage or degrade polyester, oxygen bleach is sodium percarbonate, which activates when combined with water to help lift the stains without causing any damage.
Submerge the polyester pants into the oxygen bleach mixture. Allow the polyester pants to soak in the oxygen bleach mixture for at least 30 minutes. If the yellowing or discoloration is severe, allow the pants to soak for 1 or 2 hours or longer.
Remove the polyester pants from the oxygen bleach powder solution and wring out any excess water. Load the polyester pants into the washing machine alone, or with other white polyester garments. Add liquid laundry soap according to the package’s label and 1/2 cup oxygen bleach powder to the washer before turning the unit on. Launder the clothing on the hottest setting recommended on the polyester pant’s label.
Allow the washing machine to run through all its cycles before removing the polyester pants. If you’re satisfied with the results, dry the pants according to the label’s directions. If not, run the pants through a second washing machine cycle on the hottest water possible, liquid laundry soap and 1/2 cup oxygen bleach powder.
All soccer fields are not created equal for a variety of reasons. In fact, the soccer fields used for international competition like the Olympics can be very different from the soccer fields used in local high school games. Olympic soccer fields are held to strict size and dimension requirements, while United States high school fields are given more leeway.
The governing body for international and Olympic soccer is the Federation Internationale de Football Association, or FIFA. The rules used during international play, including Olympic soccer, are FIFA rules. Each state in the United States governs high school play, but all U.S. high schools follow the National Federation of State High School Associations, or NFHS, rules. Many of the rules between the NFHS and FIFA are the same, but some, including field sizes, differ.
According to FIFA regulations, during international play, the length of the soccer field, also known as the touchline, must be at least 110 yards but no more than 120 yards. Most organizations use 120-yard fields for international play. For U.S. high school play, NFHS rules state that field length should be between 100 and 120 yards.
United States high school soccer fields must be between 55 and 80 yards in width, according to NFHS rules. Olympic soccer fields are required to be at least 70 yards wide and no more than 80 yards wide, according to the FIFA rule book. Most Olympic and international fields have widths of 80 yards.
Olympic and international fields meet and follow the FIFA maximum distances in most cases. The NFHS gives some room for amending the distances because in many cases, high schools in the United States do not have stadiums built specifically for soccer. NFHS rules state that goals should be at least 2 yards in front of football goalposts if games are played on a football field. That rule alone would limit the length of the field to a maximum of 116 yards on a football field. In addition, many high school fields do not meet FIFA width requirements because of running tracks or a lack of space. Some football fields have little to no room on the sideline, so soccer fields are limited in the amount of field they can have without running into the stands.
When football first arrived in America, it resembled the rugby-style game played in England. But with rule changes implemented in the late 19th and early 20th century by football star Walter Camp, football evolved into the game enjoyed by millions today. Integral elements of modern football, such as the touchdown, forward pass, downs and distance rules, were not part of the original game.
The earliest games of football were mostly unorganized college students playing traditional ¡°mob football,¡± similar to that played in England. Each group had its own set of rules. The underlying theme throughout the game was violence. In fact, its severity caused outrage among local citizens, forcing many cities to ban the game the 1860s. The first official football team formed in 1862 and played what was known as ¡°The Boston Game.¡± This form of football was spread throughout the 1860s through the help of the press.
Collegiate football become a legitimate program in 1876, when Columbia, Yale, Harvard and Princeton agreed on a standardized set of rules for the game. Yale refused to join the Intercollegiate Football Association at the meeting due to a disagreement over the number of players each group could field. Walter Camp, known as the father of football, introduced a series of rule changes in 1880, including lowering the number of players on the field, the line of scrimmage and snapping the football to the quarterback, which helped shape the current game of football. These rule changes on the collegiate level transformed the game from a variation of rugby to American football.
The first payment to a professional football player was in 1892. Paying a football player was considered unsportsmanlike; payments to players were kept secret. In 1895, the first fully professional game was played in Pennsylvania. The first National Football League, which has no ties to the modern league, began fielding teams in 1902. The World Series of Football took place in December 1902 at Madison Square Garden, but the series only lasted two seasons.
The earliest occurrence of youth football was in 1929 in Philadelphia. The Junior Football League was formed to keep teenage boys busy in sports, rather than vandalizing a local factory. By 1933, the league included 16 teams and was renamed the Pop Warner Conference after Temple head coach Pop Warner. The National Federation of State High School Associations, formed in 1920 to govern high school sports, established the first official high school football rules in 1932.