How Kids Can Lose 10 Pounds of Belly Fat

The best method of weight loss for a child really depends on his age. Children under the age of 7 generally shouldn’t have their calories restricted below their recommended daily allowance. The most appropriate approach for this age range is weight management, where calories are kept within a healthy range so the child’s height can eventually catch up to his weight. It isn’t until a child gets older that actual weight-loss techniques can be used to help him lose the excess pounds.
Talk to your family physician before making any changes to your child’s diet or level of activity. Your doctor has better insight into what techniques you should use to help your child reach the appropriate weight and body mass index for her age and height.
Determine the amount of calories your child needs to maintain her current weight. Since you’re using weight management to help your child lose her belly fat, you need to keep her caloric intake within the dietary recommendation for her sex and age. According to the American Heart Association, girls between the ages of 4 and 6 require an average of 1,200 calories, and boys of the same ages require an average of 1,400 calories each day. Children between the ages of 2 to 3 require 1,000 calories, and 1-year-olds need around 900 calories, regardless of their sex.
Start planning meals that are rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy while limiting high-fat meats and convenience foods, like meal helpers, frozen meals and prepackaged sides. To successfully manage your child’s weight, the whole family needs to change their dietary habits. Turn to fresh fruits and vegetables. Buy whole-grain pastas, breads and cereals that are low in sugar. Stick to lean cuts of meat, such as fish, poultry and beefs that are “round” or “tenderloin” to lower fat intake.
Promote family meals over curbside dining. No matter how busy you and your family have become, you can still make time for family meals, which tend to be more balanced and nutritious than fast foods. Fast foods are laden with excess calories, fat, cholesterol and sodium.
Encourage water consumption over sweetened beverages, such as soda, iced tea and even fruit juice. Most of these types of beverages are fairly high in sugar, meaning high in calories.
Stock your pantry and refrigerator with plenty of healthy snacks. Have nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables and fat-free cheese on hand. They’re by far the healthiest options for snacking between mealtimes and often contain far fewer calories than prepackaged chips, sweets and candies.
Involve the whole family in physical activities to increase your kid’s level of fitness. Take family bike rides or hiking excursions. Plan cross-country ski trips or walks around the neighborhood. Sign up your child for a competitive sport, like tennis, basketball, football or soccer. Anything that gets your child on her feet can promote a healthier lifestyle, allowing for her height to catch up to her weight.
Talk to your family physician. As with younger children, you should discuss your child’s weight-loss options with her doctor even at a more advanced age.
Determine the amount of calories your child needs to maintain his current weight. Since you’re using weight loss to help your child shed excess pounds, you need to understand the caloric need for someone of his sex and age. According to the American Heart Association, girls between the ages of 7 and 8 require an average of 1,200 calories and boys of the same ages require an average of 1,400 calories each day. Girls between 9 and 13 need an average of 1,600 calories while boys require a bit more, averaging at 1,800 calories. Older girls and boys generally need 1,800 and 2,200 calories, respectively.
Encourage physical activity over sedentary pastimes. If your child becomes involved with an athletic pursuit, you may not need to restrict calories below the recommendation for her sex and age. Biking, running, swimming, volleyball, tennis or other competitive sports often lead to an increase in calories burned each day, prompting weight loss.
Reduce the caloric intake of your child’s diet slightly. Weight loss for children and teens should be gradual, averaging from a 1-pound loss per week or month. Cutting 100 calories from your kid’s diet each day, which is the equivalent of a glass of juice, can translate into 1 pound of weight loss per month. Eliminating 280 calories each day, which is equivalent to two cans of soda, prompts over 2 pounds of weight loss each month.

Swimming Workout for Basketball Players

Basketball players use a variety of muscles to play the game, including leg, lower back, abdominal and arm muscles. Because swimming is a full-body exercise, getting in the pool is an effective way to strengthen and tone the muscles used on the hardwood. In addition to its strengthening and toning qualities, swimming is an effective cardiovascular exercise that helps build players¡¯ stamina.
The arm muscles play a key role in playing basketball and are used to perform an assortment of tasks, including dribbling, passing and rebounding. While optimal muscle enhancement takes place in a weight room, it also can be effectively undertaken in a pool. For example, swimming laps using the freestyle stroke gets the arms moving in an alternating circular motion, propelling your body through the water with each down stroke. The biceps and triceps are the muscles of focus using this stroke. The breaststroke is a good way to focus on the pectoral and shoulder muscles, while the butterfly is an effective way to work in the lat muscles. No matter the stroke, swimming will go a long way toward improving your basketball skills.
Proper leg and foot motions play an important role in any of the strokes used to swim laps and are an effective workout that will benefit you during a basketball game. In conjunction with the proper arm movements associated with each type of swimming stroke, the feet and legs act as rudders that help steer and propel your body in the right direction through the water. The freestyle stroke requires you to kick your legs while pointing your toes, and kicking them in short up-and-down strokes. The breaststroke requires you to bend your knees outward and thrust your feet to the rear of your body as the arms work in a similar motion. Leg movements for the butterfly stroke are similar to the fin motions of a dolphin, requiring you to bend and kick your knees in short down and up motions while the arms do their task in providing the pull through the water.
While swimming laps is a good way to enhance and tone the muscles you use to play basketball, your pool workouts also can include many activities that are traditionally done on land. For instance, jumping jacks done in water provide a level of resistance that strengthens the muscles in a way that is not possible on land. A swimming pool jumping jack is done by wading to a depth that brings the water to shoulder level. With your feet flat on the floor, bend your knees and spring as high as you can up out of the water, bringing your legs out to the sides with your toes pointed and your arms over your head. Land with your knees bent and your feet apart, then repeat for up to 20 times.
Stretching while in the water is another way to enhance your pool workouts for basketball. A full body stretch can be done at any depth and is accomplished by facing and grabbing onto the side of the pool. With your feet flat on the wall underwater, bend your knees and press your feet against the wall while inhaling and maintaining your grip on the edge of the pool. As you exhale, move your hips back until your knees are only slightly bent. You are in the right position when your pose resembles a perpendicular version of an on-land toe touch.

What Do Professional Basketball Players Do With Jumper’s Knee?

Professional basketball players compete in 82 games during the regular season and their knees take a tremendous amount of abuse over the course of the year. When a player’s patellar tendon swells from jumping or falling, it causes a condition referred to as jumper’s knee or patellar tendinitis. Patellar tendinitis is one of the several possible diagnosis of anterior knee pain. Symptons can include discomfort and tenderness in the patellar tendon when the knee is extended and the quadriceps relaxed. Without proper care, this condition can worsen leading to a tear or degeneration of the tendon.
Never go out on the court and start practicing or playing without warming up. Do a light jog for at least five minutes to get started. After that, you need to do some dynamic stretching of the hips, quads, knees, calf muscles and hamstrings. Warming up properly will help you cut down on your chances of developing a serious case of jumper’s knee.
A professional basketball player must train off the court as well as improve his skills on the court. Proper strength-training exercises include leg curls, the leg press, lunges and calf raises. When you build strength in the muscles that support the knee, you have a better chance of avoiding patellar tendinitis.
If you have patellar tendinitis, or if knee injury happens during practice or a game, apply the RICE method — rest, ice, compression and elevation — to help reduce the pain and swelling. To prevent jumper’s knee and other knee injuries, wear appropriate protective equipment such as knee pads and shin guards during practices and competition.
You have to be honest with yourself, your team trainer and the team’s physician. When you are feeling pain as you move up and down the court and the pain does not abate, you should not be on the court. Rest can help your recovery, but continuing to play with jumper’s knee can lead to more significant problems. Ligament, tendon and cartilage damage are more likely to develop when players with jumper’s knee don’t rest. Players should not try to play through the pain. They need to take time off and seek medical treatment.

How to Become an NFL Coach

Working as a coach in the National Football League (NFL) is a very demanding and stressful occupation. A coach is responsible for planning and organizing practices and guiding the team during the game. Coaches are responsible for directing and implementing all game-play strategies. The coach must motivate his team before and during the games, and must have the ability to make split second decisions on game-play throughout the game. Coaches must be able to cope with stress, especially on game day. Being a coach is a high profile job, as they’re always shown on television during the game and are interviewed after the game. Coaches are very well compensated, as their salary can range anywhere from $1 million to $6 million per year [source: Kay Circle]. Here’s how to become an NFL coach.

How to Make a Schedule for Kids After School

Gone are the days when kids came home from school to play unsupervised until mom called “dinner.” Moms’ lives are busy, and so are kids’. Setting up a schedule for your children that enriches their lives and doesn’t stress them (and you) out is quite a balancing act.
For today’s kids, after-school activities are numerous and diverse. They can range from school-sanctioned after-school programs to after-school time spent together as a family. In other words — after-school time can be formal and organized, or it can be simple fun family time.
The main reason to create an after-school schedule is to help your child know what to expect, to be sure he or she isn’t overwhelmed by too many activities, and to enrich his or her experiences. Just a few examples of after-school activities include:
Any parent will tell you that the biggest problem to overcome with after-school programs is scheduling everything efficiently. Making a schedule and sticking to it is key.
On the next few pages, we’ll talk about the various after-school programs and activities that may be available for your child, as well as tips for organizing.

New Jersey Scenic Drives: Revolutionary War Trail

New Jersey’s Revolutionary War Trail is a winding path that links four of General George Washington’s most important victories in the early years of the Revolutionary War.
Historians have termed New Jersey the “Cockpit of the American Revolution” because so much of the battle raged within its borders. For much of the war, it was the front line. This 90-mile drive, beginning in Trenton and ending to the east in Freehold, tells an inspiring story. Against all odds, George Washington and his ragged, ill-equipped, and untrained band managed to outwit and outmaneuver their British and Hessian adversaries and ultimately carry the fight for liberty to victory.
As you follow Washington’s footsteps, he and his soldiers seem almost to come alive, stepping for the day from the pages of a history textbook. You will visit well-preserved houses where Washington stayed while on the march and where he plotted his risky and desperate strategies. In museum displays, you will see such war-related items as an original war document signed by Washington, the authentic red tunic of one of the Redcoat enemy, and tools and equipment used by citizen soldiers in their daily life.
Beyond the colonial history, you can stroll the trendy streets of historic Lambertville, lined with hip craft shops, contemporary art galleries, and fine antique houses. Take time out to hike a mile or two along the shady towpath of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, a state park. Throughout the Revolutionary War Trail, small cafes, coffee shops, and ice cream parlors are plentiful.
Here are some points of interest along the Revolutionary War Trail: Washington’s New Jersey Campaign.
State Museum of New Jersey: View a replica of the famed painting Washington Crossing the Delaware. Standing in stalwart pose, Washington and his officers are being rowed through storm-tossed waves on the Delaware River to the New Jersey shore. Though of doubtful historical accuracy, it does help you imagine that fateful night.
Old Barracks Museum: Costumed interpreters re-create the life and living quarters of British and Hessian troops stationed in Trenton in the early months of the Revolutionary War. The anniversaries of the Battles of Trenton are celebrated the weekend after Christmas each year, and birthday cake is served yearly on President’s Day in honor of George Washington.
Washington Crossing State Park: Sprawling across 841 acres of fields and woodlands, the park preserves the site at Johnson’s Ferry where Washington’s troops landed on the New Jersey shore. The Johnson Ferry House, dating to 1740, may have served briefly as Washington’s headquarters during the crossing. Across the road, Continental Road, a six-foot wide wooded path, is believed to be the place where Washington’s Continental Army began its march to Trenton.
Lambertville: Once a major industrial river town, Lambertville has become a chic weekend getaway destination. Visitors browse its well-preserved Victorian-era streets in search of fine antiques and artworks by local painters.
Hopewell: A small village settled in the 17th century, Hopewell retains an old-fashioned charm. Large white-frame houses, shaded by towering maples, overlook broad expanses of well-tended lawns. Cafes and coffee shops may tempt you to stop. On June 23, 1778, Washington and his officers (including the Marquis de Lafayette) met in Hopewell to plan the Battle of Monmouth.
Princeton Battlefield State Park: Part of the Princeton Battlefield is contained within the Princeton Battlefield State Park. Every January, a reenactment of the Battle of Princeton occurs here. The visitor center exhibits detail the American victory here. The center occupies the Thomas Clarke House; he was a Quaker farmer who built the two-story white-frame structure in 1772. During the fight, it served as a hospital for the Americans.
Princeton: Famed as the location of Princeton University, it is a pretty city with a cluster of fine shops near the campus. Two sights not to miss are the soaring Princeton Battle Monument, depicting a road-weary Washington on horseback, and the lovely stained-glass windows of the university’s chapel. President James Madison, class of 1771, is pictured in the Window of the Law.
Monmouth Battlefield State Park: The park encompasses miles of spectacular landscape, a restored farmhouse, and a visitor center. The visitor center displays artifacts from the Battle of Monmouth. The exhibits also recall legendary Mary Ludwig Hays, who gained immortality as Molly Pitcher. Troops gave her the name when she carried water to them during the dreadfully hot day of battle. As the legend goes, she took over loading a cannon when her husband dropped from heat exhaustion.
The Revolutionary War Trail offers an inspiring drive with stops that offer the story of early New Jersey and the Revolutionary War. Make it a road trip to remember on this unofficial route, and travel some of the state’s prettiest scenery, charming villages, and captivating museums.
Length: 90 miles
Time to allow: Three hours
States it runs through: New Jersey
Cities it runs through: Freehold Princeton, Hopewell, Lambertville
Considerations: The drive can be undertaken at any time. However, battlefield visitor centers may be closed weekdays during the cold weather months. Check ahead. The parks, however, do remain open year-round, allowing you to walk the scenes of combat

Health Benefits of Drinking Camel Milk

Camel milk, used medicinally for centuries by nomadic people, is the closest to human mother¡¯s milk and contains 10 times more iron and three times more vitamin C than cow¡¯s milk, according to The Huffington Post. Camels possess unique, powerful immune-system components, which are contained in their milk. Camel milk might potentially benefit disorders including diabetes and autism. As with any natural remedy, consult your doctor before drinking camel milk.
Low-fat camel milk not only contains healthy vitamins and minerals, but also is a rich source of insulin. This milk reportedly has about a quart of insulin in each liter, making it a potential treatment option for diabetics. The Huffington Post cites a 2005 study by India¡¯s Bikaner Diabetes Care Research Center that observed the effects of camel milk on type 1 diabetes. Researchers determined that consuming camel milk significantly reduced insulin doses required to maintain long-term glycemic, or blood sugar, control. According to lead researcher Dr. R.P. Agrawal, 500 ml of raw, fresh camel milk daily improves the lives of diabetics due to an insulin-like protein that is absorbed rapidly and does not coagulate. However, Agrawal also states that insulin remains the most efficient treatment for diabetes, unless it is not an option. While research appears promising, additional scientific studies are needed to prove the effectiveness of camel milk for the treatment of diabetes.
Some camel milk proponents believe that camel milk might benefit people with autism. A study published in the 2005 edition of the ¡°International Journal of Human Development¡± observed the effects of camel milk consumption, instead of cow milk, on autistic people. Researchers discovered that after a 4-year-old female participant drank camel milk for 40 days, her autism symptoms disappeared. A 15-year-old boy also recovered after 30 days of drinking the milk. In addition, several autistic 21-year-olds consumed camel milk for two weeks and were observed to be quieter and less self-destructive. Though the milk is believed beneficial, insufficient scientific evidence exists to prove the effectiveness of it in the treatment of autism.
Camel milk lacks two powerful allergens found in cow milk and contains immune system components that might benefit children allergic to milk and other foods. A study published in the December 2005 edition of the ¡°Israel Medical Association Journal¡± investigated the effects of camel milk on eight children with severe milk and other food allergies. After failing to respond to conventional treatments, study participants consumed camel milk under the direction of researchers. Daily progress reports indicated that all eight children fully recovered from their allergies with no side effects. In fact, researchers stated that results were spectacular when compared with traditional treatments. Disease-fighting immunoglobulins in camel milk were believed to play a key role in reducing allergic symptoms; however, additional scientific research is needed to sufficiently prove the effectiveness of camel milk in treating allergies.
The potent immune-system components in camel milk might help fight diseases. Purportedly, the small size of the immunoglobulins, or antibodies, found in camel milk enables easy targeting and penetration of foreign disease-causing substances, called antigens, for destruction by the immune system. People with autoimmune system disorders, such as Crohn¡¯s disease and multiple sclerosis, have immune systems that attack their own body tissues. Although traditional treatments for autoimmune disorders suppress the immune system, camel milk benefits these disorders by boosting it, according to Israeli physiology professor emeritus Dr. Reuven Yagil. Despite conventional wisdom, Yagil asserts that his observations over a five-year period indicate that camel milk can control or even heal autoimmune disorders, but insufficient scientific evidence exists to prove the effectiveness of camel milk in the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

Meet Dermot Mulroney, “Bryan Bowen”

Dermot Mulroney was most recently seen in David Fincher’s “Zodiac” and Garry Marshall’s “Georgia Rule.” “Zodiac,” based on Robert Graysmith’s novel about the lives and careers of the detectives and news journalists as they search for the notorious 1970s San Francisco serial killer, also stars Jake Gyllenhaal, Robert Downey Jr. and Mark Ruffalo. In “Georgia Rule,” Mulroney stars opposite Jane Fonda, Felicity Huffman and Lindsey Lohan. He also recently wrapped production on “Jolene,” directed by Dan Ireland, in which he stars opposite Chazz Palminteri.
Mulroney’s recent credits include “The Family Stone,” a romantic comedy for Fox in which he starred opposite Diane Keaton, Sarah Jessica Parker, Claire Danes, Luke Wilson and Rachel McAdams; the Warner Bros. romantic comedy “Must Love Dogs,” with Diane Lane and John Cusack; the Universal romantic comedy “The Wedding Date,” with Debra Messing; and David Gordon Green’s “Undertow,” with Jamie Bell and Josh Lucas.
He also appeared in Alexander Payne’s “About Schmidt,” co-starring Jack Nicholson and Hope Davis; and in “The Safety of Objects,” an ensemble film adapted from the A.M. Homes novel of the same name, in which he starred with Glenn Close, Patricia Clarkson, Joshua Jackson and Timothy Olyphant.
Additional credits include:
Mulroney’s earlier work includes critically acclaimed performances in “Longtime Companion” and “Where the Day Takes You”; “Samantha” with Martha Plimpton; “Staying Together” with Stockard Channing; Peter Bogdanovich’s “The Thing Called Love” with River Phoenix and Sandra Bullock; “Young Guns” with Kiefer Sutherland; “Point of No Return” with Bridget Fonda; “Bad Girls” opposite Andie MacDowell, Madeline Stowe, and Drew Barrymore; the Blake Edwards comedy “Sunset”; and “Career Opportunities,” opposite Jennifer Connelly.
His television work includes a multi-episode guest-starring role on the hit NBC comedy “Friends”; the HBO film “Long Gone”; ABC’s four-hour drama “Family Pictures,” with Anjelica Huston; the TNT feature “The Heart of Justice”; the ABC movie of the week “Daddy”; CBS’s “Unconquered,” in which he starred as football and track star Richard Flowers; the CBS movie of the week “Sin of Innocence”; and the ABC Afterschool Special, “The Drug Knot.”
For lots more information about “Gracie,” and to watch exclusive HowStuffWorks videos, check out these links:
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Strength Training for Wide Receivers

Strength in the gym does not necessarily translate to skill on the football field. Though you may be able to bench press 300 pounds, it takes agility, coordination and full-body power to use that same strength while running with the ball. For this reason, athletes like wide receivers have to focus on training their bodies to quickly, powerfully and accurately respond to in-game scenarios by using functional movements.
In order to accelerate off the line or execute changes of direction during route plays, wide receivers must have quick feet and strong legs. Jumping rope, ladder drills with high knees and lateral shuffling will increase foot speed and coordination. Do these as circuits with high repetitions and short rest periods. To get the most out of each stride, a receiver must also build the strength of his gluteus muscles, quadriceps, hamstrings and calves. To develop lower body strength and stamina, do three to four sets of exercises such as barbell back squats, barbell lunges and deadlifts. Do 10 reps each set.
Wide receivers also have to be strong to break tackles, block or make tackles on a turnover. These features of play require upper-body strength as well as full-body stability. Receivers can strengthen their upper bodies with shoulder presses, shrugs, rows and pull-ups. They should also incorporate balance training whenever possible by standing on one leg, doing compound movements such as overhead squats or trading things such as bench presses for standing cable chest presses. An effective drill for developing better balance against a tackle involves throwing a heavy medicine ball back and forth with a partner.
In training, wide receivers should combine speed and strength to create explosive power, which increases their ability to accelerate, change direction and most importantly, move and jump in any direction to catch a ball. Classic power-lifting exercises like the clean-and-jerk and tire flips will develop explosive power through the entire body. Do four to five sets, with four to six reps in a set. Body weight plyometrics such as box jumps, forward and backward jump squats, burpees, clap pushups, lateral bounds and lateral hops are also effective. Do these as circuits and wear a weight vest for an extra challenge.
Many of these exercises greatly stress joints like the knees and ankles. If you do them using too much weight or do them too often, you could seriously injure yourself. If you are training on your own or in the off-season, consider working with a personal trainer who can give instruction and recommendations based on your individual needs as well as your histories of development and injury. Whenever you train, especially with explosive exercises, use a comfortable weight level and plan your routines so that you increase resistance gradually over time to prevent injury.


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